The records of the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) state that there are approximately 900 plumbers, pipe-fitters and steam-fitters in Vermont. Vermont is situated in the New England region of the United States of America. It is the second least populated state and the sixth smallest state in terms of area in the US. The state had a population of 623,989 people as of 2019. While some most towns are witnessing an increase in population, some are also witnessing a decrease. In 2019, the real GDP of Vermont was $30.48 billion. The per capita GDP ranks 34th in the nation. The state has a relatively stagnant economy but the unemployment rate is the fourth lowest in the US which is positive indication for the future. The Watershed Management Division is responsible for conserving, enhancing and restoring the quality of Vermont’s water resources. In this regard, the state is also trying their level best to utilise technology to its fullest.  The role of the plumbing industry has become very important. This article will focus on the career prospects of a plumber and provide a guide on how to become a plumber in Vermont.

Plumbing in Vermont


As mentioned above, there are about900 people employed in the plumbing industry in Vermont. 3.19 persons people out of every 1000 people are employed in this sector. The average annual salary of a plumber in Vermont is $52,350. The range of wages extends from $48,712 to approximately $64,076. On an average, apprentice plumbers enjoy hourly wages of around $13.75. Plumbers enjoy an average wage of $22.04 per hour. Journeyman plumbers earn an hourly wage of $25.83.  Master plumbers are paid $26.92 an hour. Wages keep increasing as and when plumbers gain more education and experience. The cities paying the highest wages to plumbers in Vermont are Essex Junction, Winooski and South Burlington. The picture for the plumbing industry Vermont looks very positive in the days to come.

Job outlook


It is mandatory for plumbers to be licensed as well as insurance. Insurance coverage is a very important aspect for the construction industry. Owing to the nature of tsks performed, several risks could emerge. This could lead to unnecessary financial damage for the plumbers. Having an insurance coverage, protects them from all sorts of unforeseen expenditures. The following kinds of insurances are commonly required and recommended for plumbers:

  • General Liability Insurance – covers lawsuits related to common accidents or damages to the plumber’s or clients’ property. It is an all-round type of coverage.
  • Workers’ Compensation Insurance – to cover the medical expenditure or salaries (for lost work days) of plumbers who get injured while at work.
  • Errors and Omissions Insurance – to cover suits related to mistakes in work
  • Commercial Property Insurance – to cover buildings and tools or equipment
  • Commercial Auto Insurance – to protect company-owned trucks and vans used for business purposes.

In addition to these, there are several other types of insurance coverages that interested plumbers could look into, depending on their requirements.


  • Must be at least 18 years of age
  • High School or GED Certificate
  • College Degree or Vocational Courses (optional)
  • Complete an apprenticeship
  • Pass the Licensing Tests

Provided here is a step by step guide on how to become a plumber in Vermont.

A guide on plumbing


Apprentice plumbers work under the direct supervision of senior or master plumbers. They work on the installation of water and heating systems. They must be registered with the Vermont Apprenticeship order to become an apprentice, one must be 18 years of age, have a high school or GED certificate, be physically able to perform the tasks and pass the drug test.

After the completion of the apprenticeship program, plumbers take the licensing exam.


Journeyman plumbers are mastered and work under the supervision of master plumbers. They can in turn supervise an apprentice plumber. While filling out a journeyman licensing application, candidates need to provide the following information:

  • Legal name as on driver’s license or other legal forms of identification
  • Date of birth
  • Social Security Number
  • Mailing address –an address where one can receive year-round mail to include licenses, renewal notices, and additional notices from the Division of Fire Safety, and
  • Valid email address.

The license application fee is $90. Candidates must show proof of the certificate of completion from the Vermont Apprenticeship Council. Alternatively, they can show proof of apprenticeship training from any other state, or an instruction/ training program (including 12,000 hours) from Vermont that is acceptable to the board. They may also choose to show their reciprocal military license (if any).  

It is mandatory for candidates to pass the licensing exam. The exam has 75 multiple choice questions. The students get 3 hours to complete the exam. The exam tests the students’ knowledge on a variety of topics like water distribution, plan reading, drainage systems, vent systems, plumbing terminology and fixtures etc.

A plumbing license in Vermont must be renewed every two years. If a license expires, it must be renewed within 90 days from the expiration date. This will incur an extra fee of $15 for reinstatement.


Vocational courses in plumbing are in high demand these days. Although not mandatory, most plumbers are opting for these courses before they offer hands-on training. The coursework includes theoretical classroom training as well as practical on-the-job training. These courses therefore plumbers to gain instant employment by offering specialised knowledge on different aspects of the field. This section of the article will list out some of the best plumbing schools in Vermont that prospective plumbers could look into.

Plumbing education
  • Vermont Technical College, Randolph – offers a registered apprenticeship program for electricians and plumbers under their continuing education department. This is a -year program during which students receive 144 hours of classroom training and 8,000 hours of on-the-job training.
  • They also have another campus in Williston.
  • Green Mountain Tech and Career Centre, Hyde Park – offers courses in welding, HVAC, blueprint reading and OSHA certification. All of these courses could be immensely beneficial for plumbers and allow them to specialise in certain areas.
  • Vermont Licensed Plumbers’ Association – offers apprenticeship training programs in a variety of areas like plumbing code, residential plumbing, hydronics, water treatment, venting systems, etc. that could be looked up by students.
  • Central Vermont Career Centre, Barre – offers a plumbing and heating program that furnishes students with basic knowledge in plumbing and hydronic heating systems. After the completion of this course, students are prepared to acquire entry-level plumbing jobs and registered apprenticeship programs. On the completion of this course, students receive a 10-hour OSHA certification. 300 hours are also credited to the Vermont Plumbing Registered Apprenticeship Program.
  • Stafford Technical Centre, Rutland – offers an electrical/plumbing program. This course prepares students to enter the industry as apprentices or continue their further studies. Students gain an all-round experience through classroom training as well as the practical application of that at the school’s residential project as well as other projects.

There are a number of other vocational courses in plumbing that interested students in Vermont can look up and opt for.

The Covid-19 pandemic has changed every industry’s style of functioning. While most companies have shut down their offices, the plumbing industry is still offering regular services as it has been declared as an “essential service”. Plumbers have however changed the way they operate. Health and safety are now their first priorities. Companies are taking additional safety measures to protect their employees as well as their clients. The health of employees is constantly being monitored. All technicians are also wearing PPE kits and maintaining safe distances from the customers. Plumbing agencies are encouraging their customers to seek help virtually or over call, as far as practicable. The water resources division has also prescribed that all commercial buildings must get their plumbing systems checked before work resumes. This is due to the reason that as the whole world went into lockdown, the water in such buildings has gone stagnant over the past few months. As work increases, so will the demand for plumbers. The plumbing industry in Vermont is therefore expected to grow in the days to come.

Working plumber

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